Glossary


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46) RPCPA

The Reusable Plastic Pallet & Container Association (RPCPA) was created by a group of visionary manufacturers who design, fabricate and apply Reusable Plastic Pallet and Container Solutions on a worldwide scale. A product section of the Material Handling Industry of America (MHIA), RPCPA members make a substantial commitment of time & resources to the long-term health and welfare of the industry. RPCPA programming is intended to: Create awareness and recognition of Reusable Plastic Pallet and Container Solutions as environmentally friendly and cost effective platform for material handling and logistics Develop and deliver important information on proper application and use through publications and educational activities

47) Logistics

The organization, integration and utilization of the resources and transportation infrastructure needed to achieve the efficient flow of materials and information over the entire supply chain, or within selected subsystems.  See also, Supply Chain, Supply Chain Management, Material Handling, and Third Party Logistics. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

48) Integrated Systems & Controls

Integrated Systems and Controls (ISC) refers to a product section of the Material Handling Industry of America. An integrated system is a desired state that generally refers to at least one of the three possible characteristics of an installed material handling system. First, although mechanical automation of the material flow properties of a system may be evident, it is the automation of the information flow associated with what is taking place, concurrently with the physical flow, that is the most defining characteristic. Secondly, an integrated system can be characterized by an unbroken, highly coordinated material flow link between successive stages in a manufacturing or warehousing operation where continuous flow is emphasized, and delays, waiting and intermediate storage minimized. Thirdly, an integrated system characteristically interfaces two or more material handling devices in order to form the bridge between work stations or other discrete points of origin and destination within the material flow cycle, with the goal being a high degree of mechanical coordination and the precise timing of movements. See also System Integrator , Consultant , and Controls .

49) CMAA

The Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc. (CMAA) , an independent trade association affiliated with the United States Division of Material Handling Industry. The voluntary association of CMAA members has existed since 1955. Member companies represent industry leaders in the overhead crane market. Contact: CMAA 8720 Red Oak Blvd., Suite 201 Charlotte, NC 28217 Phone: (704) 676-1190  Fax: (704) 676-1199 Hal Vandiver, Managing Director hvandiver@mhia.org

50) Supply Chain

The supply chain consists of the physical and communication paths connecting multiple, interrelated businesses.  Material, goods, products and information flow through these paths from their points of origin or source (often viewed as beginning with raw material) to the final end consumer. This flow is sometimes extended to include the eventual disposal, recycling or return of goods.  See also, Supply Chain Management, Logistics , Material Handling, and Third Party Logistics. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

51) RMA

Rack Manufacturers Institute, Inc. The Rack Manufacturers Institute, Inc. is an independent incorporated trade association affiliated with the Material Handling Industry.  The membership of RMI is made up of companies which produce the preponderance of industrial storage racks. Rack Manufacturers Institute 8720 Red Oak Blvd., Suite 201 Charlotte, NC  28217 Phone: (704) 676-1190    Fax:  (704) 676-1199 Jeff Woroniecki, Managing Director

52) Control

Controls refer to the control devices (and software) required to operate powered, mechanical material handling equipment. It is the emphasis on control that ultimately leads to an integrated system and brings about the level of coordination in material and information flow that is desired. With automated information handling, the word "controls" embraces specific pieces of hardware, software, a communication network and the human user interfaces used to capture and transmit data and instruction and invoke action. See also Integrated Systems & Controls .

53) Sheet lifter

Usually a below-the-hook (hoist or balancer) material handling device that utilizes two "claws" that grab a piece or pieces of sheet metal or wood.  These claws are "squeezed" by means of a ratchet and turning wheel and wrap around the sides of the sheet.  A lip on the lower portion of the claws prevents the sheet from falling out of the lifter.  The sheet lifter is attached to the lifting device by means of a bail at the top of the device.

54) Third Party Logistics

Third Party Logistics, or 3PL is a business arrangement whereby logistics services, often including warehousing, are contracted to an independent business that specializes in such services and is not connected through direct ownership to the producer or factory requiring the service. See also, Supply Chain, Supply Chain Management, Logistics and Material Handling. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

55) 3PL

Third Party Logistics, or 3PL is a business arrangement whereby logistics services, often including warehousing, are contracted to an independent business that specializes in such services and is not connected through direct ownership to the producer or factory requiring the service. See also, Supply Chain, Supply Chain Management, Logistics and Material Handling. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

56) Consultant

Consultants whose practice includes the areas of material handling and logistics possess varying degrees of technical expertise, ranging from business process advice and design to detailed engineering design services that lead to equipment and systems being bid and procured. Although a consulting firm may also perform system integration services, it is more the exception than the rule. See also Systems Integrator .

57) Monorail Manufacturers Association

An independent incorporated trade association affiliated with the Material Handling Industry.  The membership of MMA is made up of companies which produce the preponderance of patented and enclosed track underhung cranes and monorail systems.   Monorail Manufacturers Association, Inc. 8720 Red Oak Blvd., Suite 201 Charlotte, NC 28217 Phone: (704) 676-1190    Fax: (704) 676-1199 Hal Vandiver, Managing Director hvandiver @mhia.org

58) Hoist Manufacturers Institute

The Hoist Manufacturer's Institute, an affiliate of Material Handling Industry, is a trade association of manufacturers of overhead handling hoists.  The products of its member companies include hand chain hoists, ratchet lever hoists, trolleys, air chain and air rope hoists, and electric chain and electric wire rope hoists.    Hoist Manufacturers Institute 8720 Red Oak Blvd., Suite 201 Charlotte, NC 28217    Phone:  704-676-1199  Fax: (704) 676-1199 Hal Vandiver, Managing Director hvandiver@mhia.org

59) Festoon

A configuration of small trolleys, support track, and electirical cable utilized to provide power to material handling devices while keeping the power cable out of harm's way.  The cable is looped or "festooned" by attaching to trolleys supported on a track. Thsi arrangment allows this cable to be "bunched" in an accordian-like fashion so as to keep the cable from becoming entangled in the movement pattern of the device it serves. Often utilized to "stretch" cable across the bridge of an overhead traveling crane.

60) Crane Association

The Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc. (CMAA) , an independent trade association affiliated with the United States Division of Material Handling Industry. The voluntary association of CMAA members has existed since 1955. Member companies represent industry leaders in the overhead crane market. Contact: CMAA 8720 Red Oak Blvd., Suite 201 Charlotte, NC 28217 Phone: (704) 676-1190  Fax: (704) 676-1199 Hal Vandiver, Managing Director hvandiver@mhia.org