Glossary


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1) Package detection

The use of sensors to identify the presence of an object typically to actuate another device for the process of identification, sorting, sizing, etc.

2) Pallet

Generally constructed of plastic, metal or wood, a pallet is a piece of transportation/movement equipment utilized in the movement of unit loads. Usually "fork-liftable" in that it is designed to accept forks between the top and bottom platforms of the unit. A portable, horizontal, rigid platform used as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling and transporting goods as a unit load, often equipped with a superstructure.

3) Pallet dimensions

Measurement points to determine a pallet's dimensions: Length=distance between pallet ends (inclusive of overhang) and parallel to the stringer(s). Width=distance between pallet sides at right angles to the pallet length inclusive of any overhang Height=distance from the outer edges of the bottom deckboards to the outer edges of the top deckboard. Pallet dimensions are generally shown in inches.

4) Pallet dispenser

A pallet feeder is a device used for feeding empty pallets.    It is often known as a pallet dispenser.

5) Pallet double wing

A pallet constructed in such a way as to have the top deck extending out from opposite sides.

6) Pallet exchange program

A program agreed upon by several shippers and receivers with each party assuming responsibility for the total inventory of pallets.  These parties exchange pallets on a one-for-one basis with each transaction recorded and documented.  Program provides cost savings in off loading time and time pressures on warehousing personnel.

7) Pallet flow rack

May be considered back-to-back selective rack.  Inclined conveyor wheel sections are installed in the rack enabling back-loaded pallets are allowed to flow by gravity to the front or pick face.  Pallet flow rack is useful for the movement of fast-moving items and serves to increase density of storage and throughput.

8) Palletizer

Palletizers are special machines capable of building a complete unit load on a pallet. Although the most common application is for cases, some palletizers can also handle sacks and bags. A less common palletizer application would be for special products such as sheet stock. There are two general methods employed for automatically building a full pallet. One makes use of a fixed position or overhead gantry robot with end effectors suited to the individual loads, such as vacuum lifts or a gripper. The other method employs more complex mechanisms for forming pallet layers off line, one at a time, and then shifting or transferring each successive layer onto the pallet as it is lowered via a lift/lower table.

9) Pallet length

The first dimension stated in categorizing or describing a pallet

10) Pallet life

The usable life of a pallet and is expressed in time in use or in the number of trips that the pallet has been in service.

11) Pallet lifter

A below-the-hook lifting device that utilizes forks in its design and serves to take the role of forklift forks while utilizing the capabilities of a crane and/or hoist.  Generally, counterweighted at its top and attached via a bail and hook arrangement.

12) Pallet pattern

The  layer- by- layer arrangement or pattern of boxes/cartons as they are placed on a pallet.

13) Pallet performance

The performance of a pallet as expressed in terms of durability, stability (lateral), degree of stiffness or rigidity, and strength.

14) Pallet racks

A single or multi-level structural storage system that is utilized to support high stacking of single items or palletized loads.

15) Pallet stacking frame

A load securing device that often can take the place of containers or bins. This device consists on iron posts and connecting frame members resting on the four corners of a pallet creating an open container in appearance with a certain amount of load retention ability. The frames are removable for storage, but when in use, the loaded pallets can be block stacked on the floor. This is a particular advantage for unit loads that would not stack safely without the rigid frame. There are other attachments such as special metal frames and welded wire gates, but none of these allow for pallet stacking.