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61) Manual handling

The handling of materials by hand or by using devices that are non-powered.

62) Outsourcing

The process of utilizing non-employees to perform manufacturing, carrier and warehousing functions.  See 3PL .

63) Time and Motion

A work measurement process that takes into consideration time to perform a task in a normal or variant effort or pace.  The time and effort needed to accomplish a task.

64) National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA)

An organization whose stated mission is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating scientifically-based consensus codes and standards, research, training and education.  The Web site for this organization is .

65) Permits

Generally refers to licensed or certificates granted to construct or modify facilities by municipalities.  May also refer to permissions to move products by ground or via air granted by local, state and national transportation departments. Permissions may be necessary due to the type of product or its physical size.

66) Return on investment

A management tool that calculates the income of a material handling investment or project and divides this income by the cost of the assets devoted to the investment or project. A valuable tool when calculating the " economic justification " of a material handling investment.

67) Small parts storage

The system of storing small parts/items usually utilizing bin shelving and rack and storing the parts in plastic or metal bins and containers.  Carousels can be used for storing and retrieving these smaller parts.

68) Simulation

A technique used  to test-drive or simulate the operation of a material handling system in a production or warehousing facility.  A computer generated model is created to represent the proposed system and the flow of product is "sent" through the model.  The efficiency of the proposed system can thereby be gauged prior to the actual installation of the system.

69) Powered conveyor

Conveyor of any type that's movement is driven by motors and drives.  Power may be electrical or pneumatic.

70) Reliability

The measure of how well a material handling device or system will perform in a production situation.  Measure is based upon how well the device or system performs without interruption in service due to mechanical or control failure.

71) Layout

Often referred to as a "floor plan".  The layout shows the utilization, in graphical representations, of the gross space for storage operations and supporting functions.

72) Reel racks

A storage rack configuration (one or more levels high) that is designed specifically to store reels of materials such as cable and cord.  The reels are "cradled" in the rack.

73) Pneumatic pusher

An air-powered conveyor sortation device.  This device utilizes a ram and cylinder configuration and its movement is programmed to redirect packages and materials on a conveyor line.

74) Motor driven pusher

An electric motor driven conveyor sortation device.  See Pneumatic pusher .

75) Roller diverter

A device on a conveyor sortation system used to move a case/carton/piece off the main line.  This device utilizes "pop-up" type rollers to redirect the object in a predetermined direction.