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76) Capacity rating

A maximum recommended uniformly distributed static load capacity.

77) Capacity Requirements Planning

The function of establishing, measuring, and adjusting limits of capacity.  The term CRP in this context refers to the process of determining in detail the amount of labor and machine resources required to accomplish the tasks of production.

78) Captive pallet

A pallet which is designed and dedicated to a given process, system or location/facility.  Not intended to be exchanged.

79) Car-in-track conveyor

A sophisticated version of asynchronous carriers with greater flexibility inherent in the drive systems in terms of acceleration, speed of travel and the manner by which idling is achieved. One of the earliest version of car-in-track systems of a flat, platen-like carrier with four horizontally mounted wheels on each corner. These wheels run both on and against two parallel tracking rails providing support for the carrier as well as lateral guidance. The driving force is derived from a constantly spinning tube running parallel to the guidepath, beneath the carrier. A fifth drive wheel mounted beneath the carrier makes contact with the spinning tube, resulting in a variation of worm style transmission. By controlling the set angle of the drive wheel the carrier speed can be infinitely varied up to a maximum in the 400 feet per minute range.

80) Carousel

Carousels are a technology used to store items for eventual picking or retrieval. There are two primary types of carousels and one related technology, all of which operate under some form of computer control. Since the late 1990s, carousels have been placed under the more general category of AS/RS. See also Horizontal Carousels , Vertical Carousels ,  Vertical Lift Modules and/or AS/RS .

81) Carrier

Also known as a trolley.  A unit that travels on the bottom flange of a monorail or patented track beam, jib crane or bridge girder to transport a load. Also refers to a trucking line used to transport materials to and from a distribution center.

82) Carton

A corrugated cardboard container filled at the facility for handling (shipping).

83) Carts

Wheeled devices, generally made from plastic and/or metal, utilized to move items within a warehouse, distribution center or manufacturing facility.  Carts can be equipped with drawers, bins, trays or flat surfaces to secure items for transport and storage. Carts utilize casters as well as pneumatic and semi-pneumatic wheels.  See also Trays .

84) Case

An unopened container, usually made of corrugated cardboard, containing merchandise as it was received from the vendor.

85) Case pick

The selection of merchandise packaged in shippable cartons for orders from a pick location onto a transporting device (conveyor, cart, pallet).

86) Case pick from pallet

This is a selection activity performed within a specific type of storage area (often pallet rack).  Merchandise movement into these locations is in pallet load quantities from receiving or reserve storage locations.  Merchandise movement out of these locations is in case quantities.

87) Cellular manufacturing

The partitioning of a manufacturing system into smaller subsystems or "cells".  Each of these cells or subsystems process a grouping of similar parts, products or functions therein reducing setup time, throughput time and work-in-process.

88) Chain conveyor

A form of powered conveyor used to transport heavy unit loads such as pallets and industrial containers. These conveyors can be single or double chain strand in configuration. This chain is not only the driving force but it is also the part which comes in direct contact with the load and provides friction which pulls the load forward. In some cases, free rollers on either side of or between the chain provide additional support to the load. Short sections of double strand chain conveyors are a common means of transferring loads at right angle to/from another straight section of roller conveyor.

89) Chain hoist

Generally, any hoist which utilizes link or roller chain as its lifting medium.  Chain hoists can be manually operated  (hand or lever), pneumatically driven, or electrically driven.

90) Chocks

Triangular blocks of rubber, wood, or metal placed in front of, between or behind truck wheels to prevent accidental trailer movement.