Glossary


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1) Testing

The Material Handling Industry of America is an ANSI accredited standard developing entity. The various Product Sections affiliated with MHIA have developed a number of testing and design standards for various types of material handling equipment. To peruse these standards, you are encourages to visit the Material Handling Institute's Resource Center at www.mhia.org/bs .

2) Sonic control

A means of transmitting "instructions" to the controls of a material handling device utilizing sound and or voice.  A form of Wireless Controls .

3) Ten Principles

A principle is a general rule, fundamental, or other statement of an observed truth. Over time certain fundamental truths of material handling have been found to exist. The "principles" of material handling are often useful in analyzing, planning and managing material handling activities and systems. At the very least they form a basic foundation upon which one can begin building expertise in material handling. These principles, that serve as a starting point to identifying potential problems and assessing need, are: 1. Planning 2. Standardization 3. Work 4. Ergonomic 5. Unit Load 6. Space Utilization 7. System 8. Automation 9. Environment 10. Life Cycle Cost To receive a complete explanation for each of these :"Principles", contact the Material Handling Institute at (704) 676-1190 and ask for the document, "The Ten Principles of Material Handling".

4) Standard

The Product Sections affiliated with the Material Handling Industry of America have and continue to develop specifications and standards for performance, testing, safety and design of various types of material handling equipment. To preview these MHIA developed standards, please utilize the MHIA Web site at www.mhia.org/bs .

5) Specification

The Product Sections affiliated with the Material Handling Industry of America have and continue to develop specifications and standards for performance, testing, safety and design of various types of material handling equipment. To preview these MHIA developed standards, please utilize the MHIA Web site at www.mhia.org/bs .

6) Simulation

A technique used  to test-drive or simulate the operation of a material handling system in a production or warehousing facility.  A computer generated model is created to represent the proposed system and the flow of product is "sent" through the model.  The efficiency of the proposed system can thereby be gauged prior to the actual installation of the system.

7) Supply Chain

The supply chain consists of the physical and communication paths connecting multiple, interrelated businesses.  Material, goods, products and information flow through these paths from their points of origin or source (often viewed as beginning with raw material) to the final end consumer. This flow is sometimes extended to include the eventual disposal, recycling or return of goods.  See also, Supply Chain Management, Logistics , Material Handling, and Third Party Logistics. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

8) Sheet lifter

Usually a below-the-hook (hoist or balancer) material handling device that utilizes two "claws" that grab a piece or pieces of sheet metal or wood.  These claws are "squeezed" by means of a ratchet and turning wheel and wrap around the sides of the sheet.  A lip on the lower portion of the claws prevents the sheet from falling out of the lifter.  The sheet lifter is attached to the lifting device by means of a bail at the top of the device.

9) Third Party Logistics

Third Party Logistics, or 3PL is a business arrangement whereby logistics services, often including warehousing, are contracted to an independent business that specializes in such services and is not connected through direct ownership to the producer or factory requiring the service. See also, Supply Chain, Supply Chain Management, Logistics and Material Handling. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

10) Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management is the integration and coordinated execution of all the business processes used to plan and execute the flow of material, goods, products and related information between the many sources and points of use throughout the supply chain in order to achieve the best overall, system wide performance in terms of total cost, on-time (just-in-time) delivery and minimum in-process inventories across the network of suppliers, factories and trading partners that comprise the supply chain.  See also, Supply Chain, Logistics, Material Handling, and Third Party Logistics. Note that all of referenced terms are highly interrelated and their definitions are frequently intermingled.

11) Storage Equipment Manufacturers Association

The Storage Equipment Manufacturers Association (SMA) was formed in 1974 by visionary industry leaders as a Product Section of the Material Handling Industry of America, a non-profit Trade Association. SMA's mission includes development and advancement of standards and activities to advance the quality, safety and general fitness for intended use of industrial/storage equipment. SMA member companies are concerned, conscientious manufacturers affiliated in an industry association to provide voluntary standards for the design of steel industrial/storage equipment, and to formulate guidelines for the proper use, operation and maintenance of these products. Principal among these products are steel shelving, industrial mezzanines, work and assembly stations, modular drawer equipment, clothing storage lockers, movable base storage equipment, storage containers and directly related equipment. For contact information, please see SMA .