1) Mobile equipment
Material handling equipment that is designed to move within and outside a facility to transport materials, people and maintenance/service supplies. Such equipment can range from industrial trucks, personnel carriers, lifts and AGV's.
A stationary (does not mean that nothing moves) movement assist device that is often equipped with end effectors for handling different types of loads. End effectors include all forms of grippers, forks, barrel grabs, etc. Manipulators counteract the weight of the load, rendering it almost weightless by way of hydraulic or pneumatic cylinders, or simply by way of counter weights and the exercising of very limited manual control. Most manipulators require manual actuation and control and are therefore manual assist devices. They are mounted to the floor, wall or ceiling. In some cases, manipulators are mounted to a fixed base plate and the entire unit can be moved via a trolley, cart or frok lift truck.
A basic form of below-the-hook lifting attachment which is suspended from a hoist or other lifting mechanism and simply wraps around the object to be moved and lifts it totally.
Mesh netting is also used for securing loads to pallets.
4) Manual hoist
A suspended machinery unit that, by use of manual operation, is used for lifting and lowering of a freely suspended (unguided) load. Generally uses chain (roller or link) as its lifting medium
5) Mechanical lifter
A lifter composed of two or more rigid parts that move with respect to each other to attach the load to the hoisting device.
All movements of this grab as it attaches to the load are manually actuated.