Glossary


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1) Structural lifter

A lifter which consists of one or more rigid parts for attaching the load to the lifting device.

2) Supporting lifter

A lifter that carries the load on rigid projections or weight bearing surfaces.

3) Sheet lifter

Usually a below-the-hook (hoist or balancer) material handling device that utilizes two "claws" that grab a piece or pieces of sheet metal or wood.  These claws are "squeezed" by means of a ratchet and turning wheel and wrap around the sides of the sheet.  A lip on the lower portion of the claws prevents the sheet from falling out of the lifter.  The sheet lifter is attached to the lifting device by means of a bail at the top of the device.

4) Scissors lift

A raising/lowering device that is supported or stabilized by one or more pantograph leg section.

5) Telescoping lift truck forks (hydraulic forks)

Hydraulic lift truck forks that can be used for one sided loading, double-deep stacking and as hydraulic fork extensions.

6) Tong grab

A lifting attachment usually used in conjunction with a hoist or forklift that utilizes a "scissors" action to grip a load for vertical lifting or transport.

7) Strap hoist

A lever operated manual device, utilizing polyester or nylon straps as the lifting medium, used to lift, lower, or pull a load and to apply or release tension.

8) Straddle truck

An industrial lift truck that is utilized in aisles as narrow as 6 feet and has had the counterbalancing addressed by front end outriggers. These outriggers also serve to prevent the natural forward tipping motion that would be created as a load is lifted

9) Spreader beam

A below-the-hook lifting device that utilizes two or more hooks (attaching devices) located along a beam and the spreader beam attaches to the hoist by means of a bail.  The spreader beam is used to handle long or wide load and serves to "spread" the load over more than one lifting point. Often used in conjunction with slings.

10) Tote

A container generally used for order-picking and shipping of items.  Usually small in size and easily moved by hand or other lifting devices and designed to be durable and reusable.

11) Slip sheet

Often a piece of cardboard or plastic sheeting on which a load is placed and is moved/removed with a special fork lift equipped like forks with rollers and/or push pull attachment.

12) Single girder crane

An overhead traveling crane that utilizes a single bridge beam attached to the two runway/end trucks.  This bridge beam or single girder supports a lifting mechanism or hoist that "runs" on the bottom flange of the bridge beam.

13) Tugger

Also known as "tractors". Used solely to pull a string of unit load trailers and have no lifting capability. These can be operator driven or automatic/guided path. See also Tugger AGV .

14) Side loader truck

An industrial truck with lifting capabilities and able to accommodate the narrowest of aisles, depending upon the model and type, all the way down to the 5 foot range. Trucks operating in this range are sometimes called very narrow aisle (VNA) trucks. With the exception of the platform type sideloader, the fork and/or the entire mast on a VNA style truck is capable of rotating or swiveling 90 degrees left or right within the aisle from the down aisle orientation. Some manufacturers have models that can stack in storage racks 10-12 pallets high.