Glossary


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1) Selective rack

Steel storage racks arranged in either single or back-to-back (double) rows.  Each of the rows offers a bay or number of bays in the down aisle direction.  Pallets are generally positioned side-by-side in the down-aisle direction at each level of the bay.  The advantage to this configuration of rack is that all pallets are accessible from the facing aisle.

2) Shelving

A storage system designed to accept and store non-palletized loads, placed thereon, either manually, semi-automatically or automatically such as by an automated retrieval mechanism. In its basic open form, shelving is comprised of upright posts, the desired number of formed steel sheet panels which constitute horizontal shelves, and end and back braces. Sheet steel back and side panels may be substituted for bracing to form enclosed shelving units.

3) Side loader truck

An industrial truck with lifting capabilities and able to accommodate the narrowest of aisles, depending upon the model and type, all the way down to the 5 foot range. Trucks operating in this range are sometimes called very narrow aisle (VNA) trucks. With the exception of the platform type sideloader, the fork and/or the entire mast on a VNA style truck is capable of rotating or swiveling 90 degrees left or right within the aisle from the down aisle orientation. Some manufacturers have models that can stack in storage racks 10-12 pallets high.

4) Single deck pallet

A pallet possessing one load bearing deck.

5) Single deep rack

The simplest of all racking systems. This rack is selective and accommodates only a single pallet.

6) Skid

A pallet that does not utilize a bottom deck.  Generally supports the top deck by means of blocks and stringers.

7) Slave pallet

A pallet used in an automated rack system.

8) Solid deck pallet

A pallet constructed with no spacing along the deck(s).

9) Solid side pallet

A pallet constructed such that the stringer sides are not notched.

10) Stacking frames

Portable storage aids for attachment to pallets to enable stacking of unstable items two three or more units high.

11) Stacking pallet

A pallet constructed in such a manner as to allow one pallet complete with load to be placed on another without damage to the lower unit load.  This is generally achieved by utilizing a superstructure within the pallet.

12) Storage

The process or act of positioning and placing items (cartons, packages, pallet unit loads, etc.) in area set aside for holding these items or staging these items for shipment.

13) Storage aisle

An access route to storage areas such as rack bays, slots for pallets, bins or containers.

14) Storage racks

A single or multi-level structural storage system that is utilized to support high stacking of single items or palletized loads.

15) Stringer

The support beams of a pallet which generally are placed at right angles to the deckboards and designated as edge stringers or center stringers.